Terpenes and their benefits
You have surely heard of terpenes, especially in CBD. But do you really know what terpenes are for and what their benefits are? We are going to explain to you why terpenes have an important role in CBD.
What are terpenes?
Terpenes are natural compounds that give unique smells and flavors to the Cannabis Sativa L plant. They are found in the trichomes of CBD flowers. But the Cannabis Sativa L. plant is not the only one to have terpenes. They are also in fruits, vegetables, spices and other herbs. Thus, terpenes are used in other fields such as perfumery or aromatherapy.
Terpenes and their levels in cannabis plants vary according to species (sativa or indica), and subspecies. This is how we distinguish between primary terpenes (the highest percentage) and secondary (which come in the background, where the percentage is low.
There are over 200 different terpenes in the cannabis plant, giving each strain of CBD flower a different terpene profile.
The Entourage Effect: The Source of Terpene Benefits
Beyond the olfactory aspect, by combining with cannabinoids, terpenes allow better assimilation of CBD in the body, and reinforce or modulate the effects, so that they are more or less stimulating or relaxing. This is called the entourage effect.
Thus by creating synergy together, terpenes and cannabinoids contribute to:
- reduce mental disorders: depression, anxiety, stress, etc.
- improve sleep
- relieve pain: migraines, menstruation, muscle, bone, etc.
- relieve skin inflammation: eczema, psoriasis, etc.
- reduce symptoms of chronic diseases such as multiple sclerosis
The 10 most important terpenes, and their benefits
Terpenes are said to have different properties: anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, relaxing, analgesic and painkiller. Among the more than 150 terpenes listed, we can mention the best known, and their benefits:
Myrcene is a primary terpene of CBD, i.e. its rate is predominant in CBD in general. It is he who gives the so-called earthy taste, which is generally found in CBD products (flowers, oils, infusions, etc.). Myrcene works naturally as an anti-inflammatory, sedative and muscle relaxant.
This terpene brings woody, spicy, and peppery aromas to CBD flowers. These antioxidant properties help strengthen the immune system. It is also a powerful painkiller to fight against muscular or chronic pain.
Its citrus smell is probably the most recognizable of all when you smell a fresh bag of buds. Often loved by CBD smokers, Lemon OG or Lemon Haze are known to be very tasty. This terpene is known for its antiseptic, antiviral, and sedative properties.
Existing in Alpha or Beta form, its pine aroma does not go unnoticed either. Recognized for its anti-inflammatory properties, having an action on chronic respiratory diseases such as asthma.
The smell of linalool is close to that of lavender, with floral and spice aromas. It also acts as an anti-inflammatory. And it helps fight against insomnia and mental disorders, such as depression.
Humulene is a terpene commonly found in CBD flowers. Its earthy and woody notes like myrcene, characteristic of CBD. Like pinene, it is known for its anti-inflammatory properties, especially to fight against asthma. It is also used for its antibacterial and antifungal properties.
Terpinolene is a terpene that stands out for its refreshing, citrus and pine aromas, with floral and woody notes. It is mainly used to fight against insomnia and behavioral disorders, such as anxiety.
Carene, also called delta-3-carene, releases intense aromas of lemon, musk and pine. This terpene is known for its natural anti-inflammatory and antifungal effects. The study "Low concentration of 3-carene stimulates the differentiation of mouse osteoblast MC3T3-E1 Subclone 4 Cells", published in the journal Phytotherapy Research in 2007, confirmed that carene can treat bone diseases.
Like caryophyllene and pinene, bisabolol exists in two forms: Alpha and Beta. Bisabolol is one of the secondary terpenes of CBD, i.e. its level is minimal in CBD in general. It gives off a floral aroma, and has many properties: anti-inflammatory, anti-irritant, antioxidant, antimicrobial, antifungal and analgesic.
Nerolidol is one of the most characteristic terpenes of the cannabis plant. The richness of its aromas (woody, floral, fruity and earthy) gives a terpene complexity to CBD strains. It helps fight oxidative stress, having antifungal and antibacterial properties.
Where are terpenes found in CBD products?
Terpenes are found in all CBD products: flowers, oils, e-liquids and other derivative products. The terpenes and their rate vary according to the strains of CBD flowers.
You can also find “pure” terpenes in oil form. However, beware of products with added terpenes, some of them can be nauseous. It is therefore recommended to read the dosage carefully, and that these contain natural terpenes, derived from the cannabis sativa plant L.
We recommend using full-spectrum CBD oil. Having natural terpenes, it is considered to be the most powerful CBD oil.
We are curious to know: tell us in the comments the terpenes that you have already heard of or that you already know! You can find the terpenes of our CBD flowers, on each of their pages, on the shop.
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